The use of placental or amniotic stem cells has several benefits and is way superior to traditional therapies. Stem cells induce natural healing by stimulating the body’s mechanism for response to stimuli.
What are Placental Stem Cells?
Placental cells are harvested from healthy live births. These cells are young, healthy and undifferentiated. They carry the ability to transform into any kind of tissue that needs repair like cartilage, tendons, ligaments, bone or muscle. Amniotic stem cells also contain several growth factors as well as the ability to promote other healing factors which make them so efficient in musculoskeletal repairs.
How does Stem Cell Prolotherapy Work?
- Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is obtained from the patients by a simple blood draw. The blood is then prepared by centrifugation to obtain platelet rich plasma after discarding the poor plasma layer. The platelet concentration of the PRP is 94% as opposed to the 6% in normal blood.
- This high concentration is responsible for enhanced healing. The PRP which is obtained is autologous blood with a concentration of platelets above baseline levels and contains several growth factors.
- Amniotic stem cells are combined with the PRP, and this mixture is injected into the damaged tissue for the healing process to begin.
- Increased concentration of platelets triggers action of stem cells and invite more repair cells to the site. The platelet rich solution acts as a proliferator for the stem cells.
- This treatment makes use of the body’s own ability to create an inflammatory environment in specific regions triggering a cascade reaction that results in a strongly repaired tissue.
Because of such mechanics involved in this therapy, stem cell prolotherapy is clinically proven to be more powerful and effective.
Stem Cell/PRP Prolotherapy in the Media
This procedure was applied to orthopedics in the early 2000s, following the publication of a report highlighting the several benefits and effectiveness of this therapy in pain reduction. The success obtained in these studies led to its implementation in sports medicine.
Hines Ward, wide receiver of the Pittsburgh Steelers was the first among the Professional Sportspersons to try this therapy for a knee medial collateral Ligament Sprain. When Ward won the Superbowl, he endorsed PRP prolotherapy when he credited his ability to play successfully to PRP.
Ever since, other high profile athletes like Takashi Saito, Tiger Woods, have brought stem cell prolotherapy to limelight giving the revolutionary technology credits for their successful recoveries against their knee and elbow ailments respectively, making a successful return to their game.
Several other professional and amateur athletes like Troy Polamalu, Rafael Nadal, Derrick Rose, Kobe Bryant and Cliff Lee went ahead and underwent joint regeneration therapy that made use of stem cell prolotherapy.
The endorsements by celebrities also gained the interest of the general public resulting in an increased demand for this form of treatment. It is now widely available to the normal people rather than just being an elixir for the elite. It has been widely applied in treating osteoarthritis, ligament and tendon injuries, degenerated knee cartilages, muscle strain and tear, jumpers knee and other ailments.
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